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Dimitris Kontakos

Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall.

Spiranthes spiralis is an orchid, which, unlike all other orchids in our country that bloom in spring, blooms in the fall (September to November). It its name derives from the spiral arrangement of its flowers. The flowering stem grows right next to a rosette, whose life lasts for a vegetative period and then dries. From the base of the dried rosette grows the flowering stem, which carries up to 30 small whitewashed flowers. The lower flowers blossom earlier than those found at the top of the inflorescence. Pollination occurs with insects that are attracted by nectar.

Allium gomphrenoides Boiss. & Heldr.

Allium gomphrenoides is an attractive bulb that flowers from April to early June. It is endemic to Greece and it grows exclusively in South Peloponnese, Kythira and Antikythira and some smaller islands in the region of Kythira. It is a relatively distinct species that reaches 25 cm in height and forms a dense inflorescence with pink to purple flowers. It occurs from sea level to 460 meters in rocky places and phrygana.